Navratri

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Navratri (Hindi: नवरात्री Gujarati: નવરાત્રી) is a festival dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Durga. The word Navaratri means ‘nine nights’ in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi are worshiped. The tenth day is commonly referred to as Vijayadashami or “Dussehra” (also spelled Dasara). Navratri is an important major festival and is celebrated with great zeal all over India. Diwali the festival of lights is celebrated twenty days after Dasara.

This festival corresponds to a nine-day Taoist celebration beginning on the eve of 9th lunar month of the Chinese calendar, which is observed primarily by the ethnic Chinese of Min Nan linguistic group in Southeast Asian countries like Myanmar, Singapore, Malaysia,Thailand and also the Riau Islands called the Nine Emperor Gods Festival.

Dandiya Raas

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Raas or Dandiya Raas is the traditional folk dance form of Vrindavan, India, where it is performed depicting scenes of Holi, and lila ofKrishna and Radha. Along with Garba, it is the featured dance of Navratri evenings in Western India. During Navratri festival, in most of the cities of Gujarat and in Mumbai people gather and perform Garba dance.

The word “Raas” comes from the Sanskrit word “Rasa”. The origins of Raas can be traced to ancient times. Lord Krishna performed Rasa lila” (Lila means Lord Krishna’s playful dance. The word “Laika” also refers to things that God does that we fully understand).

There are several forms of Raas, but “Dandiya Raas”, performed during Navaratri in Gujarat is the most popular form. Other forms of Raas include Dang Lila from Rajasthan where only one large stick is used, and “Rasa lila” from North India. Raas Lila and Dandiya Raas are similar. Some even consider “Garba” as a form of Raas, namely “Raas Garba”.

In Dandiya Raas men and women dance in two circles, with sticks in their hands. In the old times Raas did not involve much singing, just the beat of Dhol was enough. “Dandiya” or sticks, are about 18″ long. Each dancer holds two, although some times when they are short on Dandiya they will use just one in right hand. Generally, in a four beat rhythm, opposite sides hit the sticks at the same time, creating a nice sound. One circle goes clockwise and another counter clockwise. In the west, people don’t form full circles, but instead often form rows.

 

Costumes and music

The women wear traditional dresses such as colorful embroidered choli, ghagra and bandhani dupattas, which is the traditional attire, dazzling with mirror work and heavy jewellery. The men wear special turbans and kedias, but can range from area to area. The dancers whirl and move their feet and arms in a choreographed manner to the tune of the music with a lot of drum beats. The dhol is used as well as complementary percussion instruments such as the dholak, tabla, et cectra. the true dance gets extremely complicated and energetic. Both of these dances are associated with the time of harvest.

 

Difference between Dandiya and Garba

The main difference between Garba and Raas is that Raas is played with Dandiyas (pair of colorfully decorated sticks), while Garba consists of various hand and feet movements. Most of the Dandiya steps require even number of people while in Garba there is no such requirement on number of people.
For Dandiya, sometimes instead of sticks, people also use “Swords”. The circular movements of Dandiya Raas are much more complex than that of Garba. As people play with sticks, it is important to be careful while playing Dandiya.

Garba

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Garba (ગરબા in Gujarati) is a form of dance that originated in the state of Gujarat in India. The name is derived from the Sanskritterm Garbha (“womb”) and Deep (“a small earthenware lamp”). Many traditional garbas are performed around a centrally lit lamp or a picture or statue of the Goddess Shakti. The circular and spiral figures of Garba have similarities to other spiritual dances, such as those of Sufi culture. Traditionally, it is performed during the nine-day Hindu festival Navarātrī (Gujarātī નવરાત્રી Nava = 9, rātrī = nights). Either the lamp (the Garba Deep) or an image of the Goddess, Durga (also called Amba) is placed in the middle of concentric rings as an object of veneration.

Traditionally, the dance is performed around a clay lantern with a light inside, called a Garbha Deep. This lantern represents life; the fetus in the womb in particular. The dancers thus honor Durga, the feminine form of divinity.

Garba is performed in a circle as a symbol of the Hindu view of time. The rings of dancers revolve in cycles, as time in Hinduism is cyclical. As the cycle of time revolves, from birth, to life, to death and again to rebirth, the only thing that is constant is the Goddess, that one unmoving symbol in the midst of all of this unending and infinite movement. The dance symbolizes that God, represented in feminine form in this case, is the only thing that remains unchanging in a constantly changing universe (jagat).

The Garbha Deep has another symbolic interpretation. The vessel itself is a symbol of the body, within whom Divinity (in the form of the Goddess) resides. Garba is danced around this symbol to honor the fact that all humans have the Divine energy of Devi within them. Garba is now being appreciated worldwide.

Both men and women usually wear colorful costumes while performing garba and dandiya. The girls and the women wear Chaniya choli, a three-piece dress with a choli, which is an embroidered and colorful blouse, teamed with chaniya, which is the flared, skirt-like bottom, and dupatta, which is usually worn in the traditional Gujarati manner. Chaniya Cholis are decorated with beads, shells, mirrors, stars, and embroidery work, mati, etc. Traditionally, women adorn themselves with jhumkas (large earrings), necklaces, bindi, bajubandh, chudas and kangans, kamarbandh, payal, and mojiris. Boys and men wear kafni pyjamas with a Ghagra – a short round kurta – above the knees and pagadi on the head with bandhini dupatta, kada, and mojiris. There is a huge interest in Garba among the youth of India and in particular, the Gujarati diaspora.

Garba and Dandiya Raas are also popular in the United States where more than 20 universities have Raas/Garba competitions on a huge scale every year with professional choreography. Garba is also very popular in the United Kingdom where there are a number of Gujarati communities who hold their own garba nights and widely popular among the Gujarati community even in Canada, where the largest navratri festival in North America is held annually in Toronto. They say “Ae Hallo” for fun, which means “Come on! Lets start!”

Punjabi wedding

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Punjabi wedding traditions and ceremonies are traditionally conducted in Punjabi and are a strong reflection of Punjabi culture.

The actual religious marriage ceremony differs – among Sikhs, the weddings are conducted in Punjabi; among Hindus, the ceremony is conducted in Sanskrit; and among Muslims, in Arabic. There are commonalities in ritual, song, dance, food, and dress. The Punjabi wedding has many rituals and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times, including many famous Punjabi dances.

 

Important wedding songs

Songs of the bridegroom’s side

  • Mangane di geet: sung at the time of engagement
  • Maneve de gaon: songs sung to welcome the bridegroom
  • Gharouli de geet: sung while filling the pitcher(gharouli) for Bride/Bridegroom’s bath before the wedding
  • Chounki charanvele de geet: songs sung when the bridegroom sits on the chounki wooden bathing seat
  • Sohhle: songs of happiness and joy
  • Ghoriyaan: sung at the time of riding to the bride’s house
  • Sehra: sung at the time of tying the bridegrooms flower-veil
  • Kangana: sung when the bride and bridegroom enter the house together for the first time.

 

Songs of the bride’s side

  • Suhag: which is sung by the bride in praise of her parents and the happy days of her childhood and in anticipation of happy days ahead.
  • Jaggo: procession song to call the neighbours to the wedding.
  • Churra charan vele da geet: sung when the chura, ceremonial bangles are worn by the bride.
  • Janj: sung when the janj, marriage procession, is to be greeted.
  • Milni: sung at the ritual introduction of the two sides.
  • Ghenne de geet: sung when the bride is adorned with jewels.
  • Siftan: song in praise of the bridegroom
  • Chhandh: evolved from poetry, songs of joy.

Sitthniyan (crude, teasing songs)

  • Song sung when the bridegroom’s procession is being welcomed.
  • Song sung when the wari, or gifts from the bridegroom’s side, are being exhibited.
  • Song sung when the groom’s party sits down to the meal.
  • Song sung when the daaj, dowry or the bridal gifts, are being displayed.

Others

  • Lavan Phere :sung at the time of the actual wedding ritual.
  • Maiya :sung when the girl is preparing for the wedding and is bathed by the women at home. It goes for both men and women.
  • Vedi de geet : sung while erecting the marriage pandal.
  • Khatt: sung at the time the maternal grandparents present gifts to the bride on an overturned tokra, or basket.
  • Pani vaarna: welcoming the bride to her new home.
  • Bidaigi: sung when the bride is being sent off in the doli.
  • Ghughrian: sung when the doli arrives at the groom s house.
  • Shahana: sung by mirasis in praise of the bridegroom.
  • Til Methre: sung while welcoming the bride and orienting her to the family.
  • Pattal: song sung before meal.

Hindu Wedding Events

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Hindu wedding is called vivaha (Hindi: विवाह) (Kannada: ಮದುವೆ (Maduve)), and the wedding ceremony is called vivaah sanskar. The wedding ceremony is traditionally conducted entirely, or at least partially in Sanskrit, considered by Hindus as the language of holy ceremonies. The local language of the people involved is also used. The Hindus attach a lot of importance to marriages, the ceremonies are very colourful, and celebrations may extend for several days. The bride’s and groom’s home – entrance, doors, wall, floor, roof – are sometimes decorated with colors, balloons and other decorations.

Dinner Parties

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Dinner parties are one of the joys of modern life!” We cater to private dinner party groups who wish to meet and enjoy a night of each others company. We at Tinaz Entertainment provide fine live music experience.

Bridal shower

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A bridal shower is a gift-giving party held for a bride-to-be in anticipation of her wedding. Bridal showers were originally arranged to present gifts to the bride since they commonly took care of the household deeds; however, in more modern times the bridal shower has been dedicated towards the giving of lingerie and sex enhancing toys.

Typically, invitation for males to be present at the bridal shower is not commonly given due to the embarrassing nature of the shower; however, we now commonly see a “Wedding Shower” which is more like the original bridal showers where ordinary house gifts are given to the bride and groom. In modern society is very common for the groom, groomsmen and friends of the groom to attend the wedding shower with the bride and to receive household gifts, cash and gift-cards to help the bride and groom in their marriage.

Baby shower

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A baby shower is a way to celebrate the pending or recent birth of a child by presenting gifts to the parents at a party. The term shower is often assumed to mean that the expectant mother is “showered” with gifts.

Traditionally, baby showers were given only for the family’s first child, and only women were invited. The original intent was for women to share wisdom and lessons on the art of becoming a mother. Over time, it has become common to hold them for subsequent or adopted children. It is not uncommon for a parent to have more than one baby shower, such as one with friends and another with co-workers.

Birthdays

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A birthday is a day that comes once a year when a person celebrates the anniversary of their birth. Birthdays are celebrated in numerous cultures, often with a gift, party, or rite of passage.

A person’s Golden or Grand Birthday, also referred to as their “Lucky Birthday”, “Champagne Birthday”, or “Star Birthday”, occurs when they turn the age of their birth day (e.g., when someone born on the 25th of the month turns 25 or when someone born on the ninth turns nine)

 

Zodiac and Birth stones

Sign Dates Stone
Aquarius 21 January – 21 February garnet
Pisces 22 February – 21 March amethyst
Aries 22 March – 20 April heliotrope
Taurus 21 April – 21 May sapphire
Gemini 22 May – 21 June agate
Cancer 21 June – 22 July emerald
Leo 23 July – 22 August onyx
Virgo 23 August – 22 September carnelian
Libra 23 September – 23 October chrysolite
Scorpio 24 October – 21 November beryl
Sagittarius 22 November – 21 December topaz
Capricorn 22 December – 21 January ruby

Wedding Anniversary

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An anniversary is a day that commemorates or celebrates a past event that occurred on the same date of the year as the initial event. For example, the first event is the initial occurrence or, if planned, the inaugural of the event. One year later would be the first anniversary of that event.

Wedding anniversaries are also often celebrated on the same day of the year as the wedding occurred. Traditional names exist for most of them: for instance, 50 years of marriage is called a “golden wedding anniversary” or simply a “golden anniversary”. There are other well-established connections: 5th Wooden, 10th Tin, 15th Crystal, 20th China, 25th Silver, 30th Pearl, 40th Ruby, and 60th Diamond.

Fun facts:
The tradition may have originated in medieval Germany where, if a married couple lived to celebrate the 25th anniversary of their wedding, the wife was presented by her friends and neighbors with a silver wreath to congratulate them for the good fortune that had prolonged the lives of the couple for so many years. On celebration of the 50th, the wife received a wreath of gold. Over time the number of symbols expanded and the German tradition came to assign gifts that had direct connections with each stage of married life. The symbols have changed over time. For example in the United Kingdom, diamond was a well known symbol for the 75th anniversary, but this changed to the now more common 60th anniversary after Queen Victoria’s 60 years on the throne was widely marked as her Diamond Jubilee.

 

Anniversary Gifts:

 

Flower gifts

Year Flower
1st Carnation
2nd Lily of the Valley
3rd Sunflower
4th Hydrangea
5th Daisy
6th Calla
7th Freesia
8th Lilac
9th Bird of paradise
10th Daffodil
11th Tulip
12th Peony
13th Chrysanthemum
14th Dahlia
15th Rose
20th Aster
25th Iris
28th Orchid
30th Lily
40th Gladiolus
50th Yellow roseviolet

Gemstone gifts

Year Gemstone
1st Mother of Pearl
2nd Garnet
3rd Moonstone
4th Blue Topaz
5th Rose Quartz
6th Amethyst
7th Onyx
8th Tourmaline
9th Lapis Lazuli
10th Crystal
11th Turquoise
12th Jade
13th Citrine
14th Opal
15th Rhodolite
20th Emerald
25th Tsavorite
30th Pearl
40th Ruby
50th Gold
65th Sapphire